CiSELT Glossary

CiSELT Glossary
This glossary contains words from the CiSELT course.

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Less direct; more theoretical

abstract concept

Abstract ideas exist as thoughts in the mind, and are not related to physical objects or real events and actions

accuracy of form

Accurate grammar and spelling


The way people learn their mother tongue

action plan

Something an observer and teacher might agree on at the end of an observation


To change your ideas or behaviour so that you can deal with a new situation

Additive nature

In spoken English, we sometimes:

(a) put a quantifier after a noun.
Example: People who live in cities, lots of them grew up in the country.
We also sometimes put a possessive after the noun:
Example: My teacher, her husband Jem is also a teacher.

(b) express possessives like this
Example: Instead of saying 'My friend's husband works at that factory', we sometimes say 'My friend, her husband works at that factory'.


The final closing of a meeting, or of any official gathering

Affective Filter Hypothesis

Part of Dr. Stephen Krashen’s Second Language Acquisition Theory, published in 1981. He believed that learners can only accept language input if their affective filter is low, i.e. they are motivated, confident and relaxed. If they are unmotivated, lack confidence or feel anxious, the affective filter will be up and will block any input from being received

aide memoire

An aid to the memory

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